Security threats for Peru
The White Book of the National Defense of the Peruvian State (Mindef, 2006) already pointed out that National Security implies the guarantee of independence, sovereignty, integrity, as well as the fundamental rights constitutionally recognized for the population.
This whitepaper incorporates a debate surrounding security threats, activities and actors related to terrorism, organized crime, the deterioration of the environment due to the exploitation of natural resources, as well as corruption practices.
Illegal mining involves the exploration, extraction and exploitation of mineral reserves present in much of the Peruvian territory. This can be developed on a large, medium or small scale and can be done through the intensive use of personnel and heavy machinery or in a more traditional way with sophisticated techniques and highly specialized equipment. To develop any stage of the mining activity, the natural or legal person must request administrative and environmental permits from the corresponding authorities.