Latin America is currently an essential center for drug trafficking in the transnational market, making cocaine the backbone of the subcontinent.
Criminal governance in Latin America performs state functions in large geographic areas, such as providing security or basic supplies.
Latin America is the most violent region in the world, accounting for 37% of homicides worldwide. Good governance, anomie or impunity are some of the determining factors to understand those crime levels.
Colombia is going through a transition period in which the armed conflict has not been completely overcome, facing its reconfiguration.
The Argentinian criminality and violence panorama is diverse and differs greatly from rest of the Latin American region.
Violence in Brazil is closely tied to traffic and consumption of drugs and weapons, both considered a national security issues due to its dimensions and its derived violence.
Violence levels is one of the main concerns for Latin American societies and States.
The White Book of the National Defense of the Peruvian State (Mindef, 2006) already pointed out that National Security implies the guarantee of independence, sovereignty, integrity, as well as the fundamental rights constitutionally recognized for the population.